里贾纳贝利 is a science writer 和 educator who has covered biology for ThoughtCo since 1997. Her writing is featured in Kaplan AP 生物学 2016.
Updated November 19, 2019
The pons is involved in several functions of the body including:
一些 颅神经 originate in the pons。该 largest cranial nerve, the trigeminal nerve
Damage to the myelin sheath of 神经细胞 in the pons results in a condition called central pontine myelinolysis。该 myelin sheath is an insulating layer of 血脂 和 蛋白质 这帮助 神经元 conduct nerve impulses 更多 efficiently. Central pontine myelinolysis can result in difficulty swallowing 和 speaking, as well as paralysis.